The Ten Commandants, Jesus Christ and His Own Commandments in the Gospel of Mathew

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According to the Book of Exodus in the Old Testament Bible, the great Hebrew prophet Moses climbed Mount Sinai to pray to God, who had helped him free and lead a cold-hearted, stubborn bunch of former slaves from Egypt. As Moses stayed on Sinai, God carved ten moral laws onto two stones for Moses to give to the Israelites. God especially wanted these nomads to love and obey Him because He had chosen them to be His People. As they wandered in the desert for forty years, they struggled to open their hearts to the Almighty and His moral rules. Even as they fought other kingdoms and settled in Jerusalem, their capital, many, including their own rulers disobeyed God.

More than one thousand years later, immorality still stalked the Israelites. There was a wide moral chasm between God and His chosen people. God demanded moral perfection from them, but many did not even worship God; they prayed to false gods. So, God sent Jesus Christ, His only divine Son to come into this world to save sinners who struggled to keep His laws. Jesus taught that the most important commandment was to love God with all your “heart, soul and mind.” The second was to love all fellow human beings as much as yourself. The two together summarized the Ten Commandments. All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments. (Mat 22:40)

He preached many other rules of divine wisdom, about loving God, themselves and others. Jesus also taught about divine love, hope, peace, eternal life in the God’s heavenly kingdom, and salvation through Him. His messages made his followers love Him and His enemies despise Him. Those haters were Pharisees who were the so-called keepers of God’s law. However, they were rulers for the wrong reasons: security, prestige, and income. They did not love God, nor His laws, but hated Jesus for angrily chastising them in public.

Although Jesus taught numerous new divine messages to the crowds, He never threw out God’s law, but instead, emphasized them in his own teachings. God’s Ten Commandments were the pillars for Christ’s divine messages: Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them (Matthew 5: 17).

The Book of Mathew in the New Testament Bible records Christ’s response to all of His Father’s Ten Commandments.

1. Have no other gods before Me; Christ: You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the first and the great commandment (Mat 22:37).

2. Do not make idols; Christ: You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve (Mat 4:10).

3. Do not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; (Christ) Therefore, I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. (Mat 12:31).

4. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy and do no work; Christ: It is lawful to do good on the Sabbath (Mat 12:11-12).

5. Honor your father and your mother; Christ: Honor your father and your mother (Mat 19:19).

6. Do not murder. You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment (Mat 5:21-22).

7. Do not commit adultery; Christ: You shall not commit adultery (Mat 19:18). I say to you that whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart (Mat 5:27-28). But I say to you that whoever divorces his wife for any reason except sexual immorality causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a woman who is divorced commits adultery (Mat 5:32). For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts… adulteries, fornications… These are the things which defile a man (Mat 15:19-20). And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery, and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery (Mat 19:9).

8. Do not steal. Christ: You shall not steal (Mat 19:18). It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer’, but you have made it a den of thieves (Mat 21:13).

9. Do not bear false witness against your neighbor. Christ: You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord. But I say to you, do not swear at all (Mat 5:33-34).

10. Do not covet what is not yours. Christ: Do not worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink, nor about your body, what you will put on (Mat 6:25).

Jesus added several other commandments which also appear in the Book of Mathew:

1. Settling disputes with another:

Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to them; then come and offer your gift. Settle matters quickly with your adversary who is taking you to court. Do it while you are still together on the way, or your adversary may hand you over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over to the officer, and you may be thrown into prison. Truly I tell you, you will not get out until you have paid the last penny. (Mat 5:23-26)

2. An eye for an eye vs turning the other cheek:

You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also. And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand over your coat as well. If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles. Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you. (Mat 5:38-42)

3. Love your enemies

You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be children of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? And if you greet only your own people, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that? Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect. (Mat 5:42-48)

The early Hebrews, or Israelites were led by Moses out of Egypt and into the desert for forty years, because the Almighty chose them to be His people. God put Moses in charge of them and gave them ten rules that needed to be obeyed. Eventually, the Hebrews would make Israel their land, and Jerusalem their capital. Their loyalty to God was always tested. Kings, prophets and people were born and died for 1,200 years until the Messiah was born to teach the Israelites moral principles to bring them closer to God. Plus, He reconciled the Ten Commandments to His teachings. Jesus was eventually tortured on a cross for angrily denouncing the Pharisees due to their distant love of God and hypocrisy. He died and was buried. On the third day, He walked out of the tomb He was placed in. By dying and being resurrected, He paid for our sins, bridging the great chasm between God and humans, so that we may live eternally in heaven with God.

Christ Jesus is just as important to humanity today as He was two thousand years ago. We must learn and put the Ten Commandments in our hearts before we accept Jesus. If we routinely break even one of these divine laws, we cannot fully accept Jesus into our hearts.

Biblical quotes come from the Bible Gateway website, New International Version.

Source by Harrington A Lackey

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